Abstract: Bituminous materials are playing a vital role in pavement design and the roofing industry because of outstanding properties. Unfortunately, bituminous materials will release volatile organic compounds (VOC), making them non-environmentally friendly. Therefore, technologies that can be used to decrease the VOC emission are urgently required. In this research, the VOC emission and material behaviors were analyzed and compared to investigate the possibility of adding styrene butadiene styrene (SBS) and active carbon filler into bituminous materials to develop environmentally-friendly materials. Thermal gravimetric analysis-mass spectrometry (TG-MS) and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy testing (UV-Vis) were employed to characterize the VOC emission process. Temperature sweep testing and frequency sweep testing were conducted to evaluate the rheological properties of bituminous materials. Research results indicated that the combined introduction of 4 wt% styrene butadiene styrene (SBS) and 4 wt% active carbon filler cannot only significantly lower the VOC emission speed and amount, but also improve the deformation resistance behavior at a higher temperature. SBS and active carbon filler can be used to reduce the VOC emission form bituminous materials.
Keywords: volatile organic compounds (VOC); bituminous materials; ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy test; thermogravimetric analysis-mass spectrometry
P.Q. Cui , S.P. Wu, F.Z. Li, Y. Xiao (contributed equally), H.H. Zhang. Investigation on Using SBS and Active Carbon Filler to Reduce the VOC Emission from Bituminous Materials. Materials, 7(9), (2014), P:6130-6143. Open Access.