NSFC Grant received on Antiskid Surfacing Research

We have successfully received a NSFC Grant on Antiskid Surface design. The Grant title is Theoretic Design on Closest Packing based Antiskid Surface in Airfield for Preventing Hydroplaning, with a financial support from 201801 to 202012. Detail information of this grant will be updated here soon.

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Oral Presentation in ICPT2017 Conference, on VOC reduction

During 8-10 August 2017, Dr. Xiao and Yongshuang Long attended the 10th International Conference on Road and Airfield Pavement Technology (10th ICPT 2017) in The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. This conference is a longstanding event that brings together road and airport pavement researchers, engineers, and governmental officials to promote pavement technological advancement worldwide. The objectives of ICPT is to promote pavement technological advancement worldwide, with special emphasis in pavement technological development in developing countries, by encouraging exchange and transfer of pavement technology among professionals and researchers of different countries and regions, through organizing technology transfer activities such as international conferences.

In 2011, Dr. Xiao had joined the 7th ICPT conference when he was a PhD candidate in Delft University of Technology.

It was very proud for Dr. Xiao to get an opportunity to give an oral presentation in ICPT 2017 conference. His presentation title was Design Synthetic Ca(OH)2-incorporated Zeolite as Effective VOCs Inhibitor for Bitumen Materials. This presentation focus on presenting the research results by using self synthesized Ca(OH)2-incorporated Zeolite to reduce the VOC emissions from bituminous materials. After Dr. Xiao’s presentation, Jiří Jaromír Klemeš, one of the Co-Editors-in-Chief for Journal of Cleaner Production, expressed great interest on our research and had then gave some valuable comments. Related work will be published soon.

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Using Activated Carbon to Reduce the Volatile Organic Compounds from Bituminous Materials

Abstract: The objective of this research is to characterize the reduction of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from bituminous materials resulted from activated carbon. A gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS) was used to separate VOC components, and ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry (UV-Vis) was conducted to quantify the amount of VOCs. Results indicated that activated carbon had an excellent suppression effect on VOCs’ emission process. Adding activated carbon to the bitumen binder did not change its chemical compounds, but did result in a significant reduction of VOCs. The weight of VOCs from the bitumen binder reduced by around 30% when it was modified with activated carbon. Half of VOC emissions can be reduced by introducing activated carbon into styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS)-modified bitumen. A scanning electron microscope (SEM) showed the high porosity and large internal surface area in the active carbon, resulting in lower VOC emissions when it was introduced into bituminous materials.

Find it via ASCE Library

Y. Xiao, M. Wan, K.J. Jenkins, S.P. Wu, P.Q. Cui. Using Activated Carbon to Reduce the Volatile Organic Compounds from Bituminous Materials, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Volume 29, Issue 10, (Oct. 2017), 04017166.

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The Rejuvenating Effect in Hot Asphalt Recycling by Mortar Transfer Ratio and Image Analysis

Abstract: Using a rejuvenator to improve the performance of asphalt pavement is an effective and economic way of hot asphalt recycling. This research analyzes the rejuvenating effect on aged asphalt by means of a Mortar Transfer Ratio (MTR) test, which concerns the ratio of asphalt mortar that moves from recycled aggregates (RAP aggregates) to fresh added aggregates when aged asphalt is treated with a regenerating agent and comes into contact with fresh aggregates. The proposed MTR test analyzes the regeneration in terms of the softening degree on aged asphalt when the rejuvenator is applied. The covered area ratio is studied with an image analyzing tool to understand the possibility of mortar transferring from RAP aggregates to fresh aggregates. Additionally, a micro-crack closure test is conducted and observed through a microscope. The repairing ability and diffusion characteristics of micro-cracks can therefore be analyzed. The test results demonstrate that the proposed mortar transfer ratio is a feasible way to evaluate rejuvenator diffusion during hot recycling. The mortar transfer ratio and uncovered area ratio on fresh aggregates are compatible, and can be used to quantify the contribution of the rejuvenator. Within a certain temperature range, the diffusing effect of the rejuvenator is better when the diffusing temperature is higher. The diffusion time of the rejuvenator is optimum when diffusion occurs for 4–8 h. When the rejuvenator is properly applied, the rough and cracking surface can be repaired, resulting in better covered aggregates. The micro-closure analysis visually indicates that rejuvenators can be used to repair the RAP aggregates during hot recycling.

Keywords: rejuvenator; mortar transfer ratio; micro-cracks; preventive maintenance

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Study of the Diffusion of Rejuvenators and Its Effect on Aged Bitumen Binder

Abstract: Aged asphalt mixture is heavily involved in pavement maintenance and renewed construction because of the development of recycling techniques. The aged bitumen binder has partially lost its viscous behavior. Rejuvenators are therefore designed and used in this recycling procedure to enhance the behavior of such aged reclaimed bitumen. However, tests have not yet been clearly specified to understand the diffusion characteristics of rejuvenators in aged bitumen. In this research, molecular dynamic simulation is proposed and conducted with Materials Studio software to study the diffusion behavior of rejuvenators in aged bitumen at the molecular level. Two rejuvenators, named R-1 and R-2, were included. The difference between these two rejuvenators is their chemical composition of C=O. The diffusion coefficient is determined by studying the molecular movement. Results illustrate that the proposed models can be used to study the diffusion of rejuvenators in aged bitumen sufficiently. In the meantime, a dynamic shear rheometer (DSR) is used to evaluate the recovery influence on aged bitumen resulting from rejuvenators. The experimental results strengthen the model simulations and indicate that the aging index of bitumen has a significant influence on the rejuvenating effect. Research results indicate that rejuvenators have a sufficient rejuvenating effect on the long-term aged bitumen and a limited effect on short-term aged bitumen.

Keywords: bitumen binder; molecular simulation; diffusion of rejuvenator; aged bitumen; rheological properties

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